The following Attractions ( 1 day ) are divided into 5 tips:
Tip 1. The Old State Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane, Lavrushinsky Lane # 17 historical building.
Tip 2. Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, Patriarchal Bridge (Patriarshiy most).
Tip 3. Strelka Lectures and restaurant complex.
Tip 4. Peter the Great Statue (Pamyatnik Petru I), Fallen Monuments Park, The Brusov Ship, Central House of Artists (CHA).
Tip 5. Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure.
Tipter recommendation: make this day's itinerary in reverse order. Start with Gorky Park and end with Tretyakov Gallery. In this case you start your day with Park Kultury (Парк культу́ры) Metro station in the Circular (Brown) line, line No. 5 and end it with one of the Metro stations near Tretyakov Gallery: “Tretyakovskaya” (orange line), “Novokuznetskaya” (Green Line) or “Polyanka” (Grey line). The most demanding section is the walk in Gorky Park - so, spend the morning along this park.
Tip 1: The Old State Tretyakov Gallery, Lavrushinsky Lane, 10, Moscow:
Transportaion: The nearest metro stations are “Tretyakovskaya” (orange line), “Novokuznetskaya” (Green Line) and “Polyanka” (Grey line).
From Tretyakovskaya Metro station it is 100 m. to the museum. Head south on Lavrushinskiy per (Лаврушинский пер) toward Bolshoy Tolmachevskiy per. (пер. Большой Толмачевский/пер), 100 m. Turn right onto Bolshoy Tolmachevskiy per. The museum will be on the right.
Tretyakov gallery - home to one of the largest collections of art by Russian artists. There are actually two Tretyakov museums now, the classic one and the 20th Century one. The classic one is where it has always been, the 20th Century one is in the Artist's House Cultural Center across from Gorky Park. They charge separate entry fees.
In brief: 19th-century building with vast Russian art from the 11th through the early 20th centuries. Huge site. Must see. You can say that the gallery is one of a few cultural pillars that support Moscow. The real Moscow starts in places like Tretyakov Gallery and Pushkin Museum of Fine arts. Those are the keepers of our city's past, and without past there is no future. You see amazing paintings of the Russian past, and you will probably realize the true depth of Moscow's history.
Opening times: Mondays - closed. TUE-WED, SAT - SUN: 10.00 - 18.00. THU - FRI: 10.00 - 21.00. The museum has longer working hours on Thursday and Friday (when it closes at 9 pm), while on other days it closes at 6 pm. Come earlier to avoid crowd and lines. Waiting lines tend to be huge on weekends. Restaurant (English menu) outside, adjacent to the museum. Cafe - downstairs.
Prices: Adults – 450 RUB (approx. 6 euros), Students – 250 RUB. Audio Guides are available for 360 rubles. Languages: English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. One has to pay extra for photography !
Duration: 4-6 hours.
History: The gallery's history starts in 1856 when the Moscow merchant Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov acquired works by Russian artists of his period with the aim of creating a collection, which might later grow into a museum of national art. In 1892, Tretyakov donated his already famous collection of approximately 2,000 works to the Russian nation. After the 1917 revolution, the gallery was naturally acquired by the state. Not only did the Soviet government manage to save the collection, but it has also made sure the gallery was constantly growing. Today, it has more than 160,000 exhibits - more than you'll probably be able to see in a lifetime!
Exterior: The façade of the gallery building was designed by the painter Viktor Vasnetsov in Russian fairy-tale style. It was built in 1902–04 to the south from the Moscow Kremlin. During the 20th century, the gallery expanded to several neighboring buildings, including the 17th-century church of St. Nicholas in Tolmachi:
Recently opened Fountain of Arts near the gallery:
Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, Priam asking Achilles to return Hector’s body, 1824, Hall 10:
Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, Joseph Reveals his Identity to his Brothers, 1831-1833, Hall 10:
Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, Joseph’s Brothers Find the Silver Cup in Benjamin’s Sack, 1831-1833, Hall 10:
Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, The Apparition of Christ to the People (The Apparition of the Messiah), 1837–1857, Hall 10:
Aleksandr Andreyevich Ivanov, Head of a Pifferaro-Boy, 1st half of the 1830s, Hall 10:
Vasily Vladimirovich Pukirev, The Unequal Marriage, 1862, Hall 16. This painting depicts a wedding ceremony in an Orthodox church. The young, bride is marrying an old official against her will. The image of the best man, shown behind the bride at the edge of the painting, with his arms across his chest, portrays the artist himself:
Vasily Grigorievich Perov (1834–1882), Amateur painter, 1862, Hall 17. In the 1870s Perov’s genre painting acquires a new trend. The artist is fascinated by depicting people from all social backgrounds and portraying the small joys in every day life:
Vasily Grigorievich Perov, Hunters Stop to Rest, 1871, Hall 17:
Vasily Grigorievich Perov, Sleeping Children, 1870, Hall 17:
Aleksey Kondratievich Savrasov, Rooks have Returned, 1871, Hall 18. Savrasov used this work to affirm the idea that the simplest and most modest manifestation in nature, when inspired by the personal attention of the artist, can carry a full aesthetic content. The landscape appears as an open, unrestricted space, a small part of the universe where ordinary, clear and simple life goes on. The world of the painting is harmonious in its commonplace way, warmed by the heat of humanity – smoke from the chimney creates a touching atmosphere of comfort.
Ivan Konstantinovich Ayvazovskiy, Night in Capri, 1841, Hall 19:
Ivan Konstantinovich Ayvazovskiy, Seashore, 1840, Hall 19:
Ivan Konstantinovich Ayvazovskiy, Tower in Constantinople, 1848, Hall 19:
Ivan Konstantinovich Ayvazovskiy, Rainbow in a storm, 1873, Hall 19:
Ivan Nikolayevich Kramskoy, Moonlit Night, 1880, Hall 20:
Ivan Nikolayevich Kramskoy, An Unknown Lady, 1883, Hall 20. The image of the woman still remains the artist’s secret. Critics have associated the image with Lev Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Nastasya Filipovna, and other famous women. Kramskoi left no references to the identity of the unknown woman in letters or journals. There is no doubt as to this painting’s setting: St. Petersburg’s Nevsky Prospekt, specifically the Anichkov Bridge. In the Communist Soviet period, Kramskoi’s Portrait of an Unknown Woman became an iconic picture. It was hung in every respectable Russian home:
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, Rain in the Oak Wood, 1891, Hall 25:
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, Oaks in Sunlight, 1890s, Hall 25:
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, In the Park, 1897, Hall 25:
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, Small Oak Trees, 1886, Hall 25:
Ivan Ivanovich Shishkin, Pine Wood. Ship Timber in Vyatka Province , 1872, Hall 25:
Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, The Apotheosis of War, 1871, Hall 27. In 1901 he was nominated for the first Nobel Peace Prize. Famous for his series of battle paintings. His numerous world trips resulted in the creation of documentary ethnographic paintings. He also painted portraits and landscapes. In his later periods, the artist partially avoided detailed descriptions of bloody everyday combat scenes and created a number of works where descriptions were substituted by intense drama and almost symbolic images like the picture below:
Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, They Celebrate, 1872, Hall 27. Vereshchagin traveled in Central Asia (Turkestan) during 1867–1868 and 1868–1870. His impressions of what he saw were set down in the series of paintings entitled The Barbarians. The painting depicts the main square in Samarkand, Registan ( “the place covered with sand”) in front of the Madrassah (religious Islamic school) Shir Dor (“tiger bearing.)” In the centre of the painting we see pikes with the impaled heads of Russian soldiers:
Vasily Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Dervishes in Festive Dress. Tashkent, 1870, Hall 27:
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov, Peter the Great’s suppression of the Streltsy uprising of 1698 in Moscow and the execution of the rebels, 1881, Hall 28:
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov, Boyaryna Morozova (Feodosia's arrest by the Nikonians in 1671), 1884-7. This giant painting depicts a scene from the history of the 17th century Russian Orthodox Church. The painting is dedicated to Feodosia Prokopiyevna Morozova, an associate of the Old Believers. Around 1670 she secretly became a nun, in 1671 she was arrested, and in 1673 she was sent to the Pafnutevo-Borovski Monastery, where she was starved to death in an earthen prison. The painting displays an episode when the boyarynya (boyar’s wife) Morozova is transported through Moscow to the place of captivity. Next to Morozova is her sister Yevdokiya Urusova, who shared the dissenter’s fate:
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov, The Taking of a Snow Fortress, 1891:
Vasily Ivanovich Surikov, Winter in Moscow, 1884-1887, Hall 28:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Weeping of the Prophet Jeremiah in the Ruins of Jerusalem, 1867, hall 29:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Preying Jew, 1875, hall 29:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Rest, 1882, Hall 29:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Cossacks Write a Letter to the Turkish Sultan, 1880-1890, Hall 30:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Unexpected return, 1884-1888, Hall 30. There are two versions of the painting Unexpected Return. The first of them was begun in 1888, and it depicted a student returning to her family. The second painting, painted in 1884-1888 (below), depicts the moment of the unexpected return home of a political exile:
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Easter Procession in the Region of Kursk (Kurskaya korennaya):
Ilya Efimovich Repin, Portrait of Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, 1887, Hall 30:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, Swan Czarevna, 1900, Hall 32:
Swan Czarevna is the hero of A.S.Pushkin's poem the "Tales about Tzar Saltan". It is also an opera by N.A.Rimsky-Korsakov (1900). Vrubel designed the opera stage for its first production. His wife, Nadezhda Zabela-Vrubel was starring as Swan Czarevna. The subject of the famous painting is about supreme, heavenly beauty. about the secret of its manifestation in the world.The symbolism interprets Swan Czarevna as a creature of dual nature: the dark, cold element of water, and the airy, heavenly beauty and grandor of the white bird:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, Princess Swan, 1900, Hall 32:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, The Swan, 1900, Hall 32:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, The Rose, 1904:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, Hamlet and Ophelia, 1888, Hall 32:
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel, Sitting Demon, 1890, Hall 33:
Vasily Dmitriyevich Polenov, Moscow patio, 1878, Hall 36:
Vasily Dmitriyevich Polenov, Grandmother's garden, 1878, Hall 36:
Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov (1865–1911), Girl with peaches. Portrait of V.S.Mamontova, 1887, Hall 41:
Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov, The rape of Europa, 1910, Hall 42. The rape of Europa is a popular theme in global art. The story is borrowed from Ancient Greek mythology. Europa is the daughter of Phoenician king Agenor. Having turned into a bull, the king of gods Zeus abducted beautiful Europa:
Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiyev, A beauty, 1915, Hall 44. The painting was based on a model who was an actress of the Moscow Art Theater:
Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiyev, Haymaking, 1917, Hall 44:
Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebryakova (1884–1967), At Breakfast, 1914, Hall 44. Zinaida Serebriakova's work is extraordinary in that the artist, despite what must have been difficult years of separation from two of her children, appears to concentrate on the beauty she was still able to find in life, in the people she came in contact with in her travels:
Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebryakova, At the dressing-table. Self-portrait, 1909, Hall 44. Her first painting to gain acclaim, probably still her most recognized one:
If you walk further onto Lavrushinsky Lane - you'll see the building # 17 - chock-full of literary history. Just look at the list of people who were entered in the list to receive apartments a full year before construction on the building was complete in 1937: Boris Pasternak, Ilf and Petrov, Konstantin Paustovsky, Ilya Erenburg, Viktor Shklovsky, Agnia Barto, Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Mikhail Prishvin, Lev Kassil, Nikolai Pogodin. Other "Celebs" who lived here in later years and decades included Veniamin Kaverin, Valentin Kataev, Yury Olesha, the theater director Anatoly Efros, the singer Lidia Ruslanov and many more. This, for example, is the very place to which the scantily-clad Margarita flies and destroys a critic’s living quarters at the end of Mikhail Bulgakov’s "The Master and Margarita":
Walking directions from The State Tretyakov Gallery to Cathedral of Christ Head west on Bolshoy Tolmachevskiy per. (пер. Большой Толмачевский) toward Malyy Tolmachevskiy per. (пер. Малый Толмачевский), 190 m. Turn right onto Staromonetnyy per.(пер. Старомонетный) and continue to follow Staromonetnyy per., 300 m. Turn left onto Kadashevskaya nab.(Кадашевская наб./Кадашёвская наб), 15 m. Continue onto Yakimanskaya nab (наб. Якиманская), 260 m. Turn right onto Patriarshiy most (Патриарший мост), 270 m. Continue straight to stay on Patriarshiy most (Патриарший мост), 290 m. Turn left, 10 m. and the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour,
ulitsa Volkhonka, 15 is on your left (see Tip below). The cathedral, originally bult in the 19th century in commemoration of the Russian army's victory over Napoleon, was destroyed on Stalin's personal order. The cathedral was rebuilt in the 1990s.
Another option of detour from Tretyakov Gallery: From the gallery, walk to the end of the lane and cross a little footbridge whose iron trees are adorned with padlocks put there by romantic couples. On the far side is a statue of the painter Ilya Repin and the gardens known as Bolotnaya Square (Marshy Square).
Tip 2: Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, ulitsa Volkhonka, 15. Nearest Metro: Kropotkinskaya (Кропоткинскаяmore) (Line 1, RED, Sokolnicheskaya Line). If you are coming from city center, take the exit on the right.
Duration: 1-2 hours.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Храм Христа Спасителя, Khram Khrista Spasitelya), originally built in the 19th century in commemoration of the Russian army's victory over Napoleon. When Napoleon Bonaparte retreated from Moscow, Tsar Alexander I signed a manifest on 25 December 1812 declaring his intention to build a cathedral in honor of Christ the Savior - as a memorial to the sacrifices of the Russian people. The cathedral took many decades to build and did not emerge from its scaffolding until 1860. The cathedral was consecrated on 26 May 1883, the day before Alexander III was crowned. The original church was the scene of the 1882 world premiere of the famous 1812 Overture by Tchaikovsky. It was destroyed in 1931 on Stalin's personal order. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built. Under Khrushchev, the space was transformed into the largest swimming pool in the world. Miraculously, after the fall of Communism, an agreement was made with the Orthodox Patriach to rebuild the church to its original design using modern materials and introducing modern comforts, such as an elevator to a superb observation deck. So the cathedral was rebuilt in the 1990s on the same site. Thus, the current church is the second to stand on this site. It is on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. It is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world (103 metres). It’s the 3rd highest cathedral in the world after the cathedral of St Peter in Rome and the cathedral of St Paul in London. It is the largest church in Russia housing 10 000 praying persons at the same time. It has the largest and heaviest door in the world (see picture below). It has a towering position overlooking the Kremlin (to the north-east from the Cathedral back side). This was the spot Pussy Riot girls performed before getting thrown in jail. It is the church of the Patriarch (head of the Russian Orthodox Church) and the administrative center of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Open: TUE – SUN 10.00 – 18.00, MON 13.00 – 18.00. No entrance fee. There is a WC below the Cathedral (the Soymonovskiy street, Соймоновский пр-д direction). Note: there is a security check in all entrances to the Cathedral.
Tips: Try to get lucky and be there by the time of the mass (Everyday - in the Transfiguration lower church: 08.00 or 17.00. Sunday - in the Nativity upper church: 10.00 or 17.00. It is really interesting and beautiful. You hear choir singing, beautiful mature voices which you can't forget. The smell of incense and candles, singing and locals standing around and all that make this visit unforgettable! Don't miss it when you are in Moscow!
Ladies need to keep head & shoulders covered, (headscarves can be rented in kiosks nearby) and no shorts. This is a holy place and many Russian travelers make this a pilgrimage.
In the Orthodox’s churches the faithful people remain always standing; there are no benches like in the Catholic cathedrals, where you can sit down.
You are not allowed to take photos (or videos) inside the church. The Cathedral is so huge - that you can, easily, take photos without being caught...
The cathedral's exterior is very impressive - mainly, due to its five golden towers / domes. As most things in Moscow the exterior is magnificent with its huge golden domes and pristine white walls.
At nearly 350 feet tall, the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world. The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is so staggeringly large that it can hold up to 10,000 worshipers for any given mass. The cathedral fills to capacity during religious holidays like Easter or Christmas.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour stands in beautiful environs – to the right are huge statues of Alexander II and Nicholas II and all around are several chapels. When you stand on the Patriarchal footbridge and in front of you looms the imposing facade of the Cathedral, look to the right and an imposing vista of the Kremlin meets your eyes. To the left and a little over your shoulder flows the Moscova river with an imposing statue of Peter the Great. The external walls are covered with bronze high reliefs, depicting scenes from the Bible. One could call the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a symbol of the triumph of spiritualism over atheism in Russia:
The door frame of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour:
Angels adorning the doorframe of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour:
Decorated doors with sculptures around the main door frame of the cathedral:
Christ sculpted on a wall of the Catheral of Christ the Saviour:
Decoration in bronze above a door of the cathedral:
Bronze relief of mother Mary with Christ, adorning the wall of the cathedral:
Bronze relief scene on a wall of the cathedral:
If you get access (for example, with a guided group) to the roof terrace (by elevator) - you have great 360 views of the city and river and Peter the Great statue:
The interior matches with vast murals climbing up the walls and exploded across the ceiling. The cathedral has become a symbol of the Russian people to return to their roots and religion. It was built in two part. One upper is beautiful gallery with grand altar. Lower part was real church with altar where priest serve the liturgy. Don't forget to go down to the Crypt which is even more impressive: take time to finding your way to the basement where there are more chapels and rooms to visit. The ceiling is covered with frescoed of Christ, Virgin Mary, angels and toward the front is like a small church decorated with frescoed and statues, and even have a spiral with dome. The height of its inner space is 79 meters. Every square inch of the inside has been hand painted with icons and artwork. Right on the axis of the main entrance there is a unique iconostasis in the form of white marble octagonal chapel crowned by a gilded dome. The main shrines of the Temple are the icon of the Nativity wrought by His Holiness Patriarch Alexy from Bethlehem, six original restored canvases by Vereshchagin and the authentic throne of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon in the main altar. The silence (even when it is very crowded) and the open spaces are relaxing and invites you to walk around this big place. The general atmosphere inside is one of quiet are and respect:
Before you turn to the east side of the cathedral and walk through the Patriarchal Bridge - try to visit the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour Gardens. The Monument to Alexander II (the Liberator Tsar) is located to the left of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in the garden area. Alexander II is honored here because he helped lay the foundation for the original Cathedral and was Tsar of Russia during that time (destroyed in 1931 by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin) and ruled during its construction. Completed in 2005 and partly inspired by a destroyed imperial monument from 1898, the statue itself was paid for by private donations, with the rest of the monument mainly financed by public funding. On June 2, 2004 Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov signed a decree about the erection of a new monument to the emperor Alexander II in Moscow. The memorial was designed by professor Alexander Rukavishnikov, a member of the Russian Academy of Arts and national sculptor of Russia. At first, the monument was supposed to be set by the Kremlin's Kutafya Tower; however, a new place was found for it around Christ the Savior Cathedral. DO NOT MISS THE WONDERFUL GARDENS AROUND THE MONUMENT !
Behind the church is the Patriarchal Bridge (Patriarshiy most) over Moscow River: Go there for a nice view. Worth the walk. The church/cathedral can be accessed from the bridge (crossing Moscow river from south to north). The large-tiled plaza surrounding it is beautifully designed and maintained, fringed by lovely flower beds during the spring and the summer. As you walk along the bridge - you'll face several wedding parties along it. That bridge also affords some great views of the Moscow River and the Kremlin:
View from the bridge to the Statue of Peter the Great:
View from the bridge to the Kremlin:
In case - you decide to move from the Catedral and its bridge - straight to the Fallen Monuments Park (or vice versa - if you chose the reverse route from south to north) - use the Metro, the Red line # 1: from/to Kultury Park to/from Kropotkinskaya (Кропоткинскаяmore).
From the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour - we can continue to the the main building of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts which is opposite Christ the Saviour Cathedral (see our blog "Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts") OR we can continue to the Fallen Monument Park (see 4th Tip below). It is a 1.5 km, (20 mins) walk to the Fallen Monument Park. From the Cathedral head northeast, 10 m. Turn right onto Patriarshiy most / bridge (Патриарший мост), 260 m. Continue straight to stay on Patriarshiy most another 300 m.
Turn right onto Krymskaya nab. (наб. Якиманская), 300 m. Continue onto Krymskaya nab. (наб. Крымская), 230 m. On your right - you'll see another 'you can't miss it' landmark - the Peter the Great Statue (Pamyatnik Petru I) (see Tip 4). This giant statue was designed by Zarub Tsereteli, apparently mayor Lushkov's favorite architect (he was also responsible for the Christ the Saviour Cathedral and the Okhotny Ryad shopping mall). The statue is 96 m. high, the highest in the world, and stands on the banks of the Moskva in front of the Krasny Oktyabr chocolate factory. On September 5th, 1997 the giant monument to Russia's first emperor was erected on the Yakimanskaya Embankment in Moscow. The monument by prominent sculptor Tsereteli was unveiled during the celebrations of Moscow's 850th anniversary and was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Russian navy. From the time it opened, some Muscovites hated the monument and were clamoring for its removal. They have been no less unkind to the statue of the Russia's Westernizing tsar, who disliked the city so much he moved the capital to St. Petersburg. But due to Tsereteli's close relationship with Moscow's longtime mayor, Yury Luzhkov, the statue, ugly or not, was untouchable. In the next few years there were a number of petitions to remove it and even bomb threats. The monument is a massive structure retaining artistic graceful lines with form emanating a sense of power and grandeur. It may not suit everyone’s sense of art but that's what art does:
Turn left, 190 m. Turn right, 220 m and the Fallen Monument Park will be on your left.
Tip 3: Strelka Bar, Bersenevskaya Emb., 14/5A:
If you fancy a quick break, after visiting the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, go across the bridge, to Bar Strelka, and refresh yourself on their terrace, overlooking the river, looking back towards the cathedral. You can watch the sun go down from the rooftop. Great view of the Moscow River, the Patriarchal bridge, cathedrals and more. The scenery around - is the main asset of this cafe'. The place is full of young people, for whom it is designed. A lot of chats around. Mainly, for the alternative trend: debates, movies, lectures, exhibitions.
Good food. Not cheap, small portions - but, acceptable. International menu (also in English).
Attention: you will need reservations ! (over-crowded in FRI - SUN).
If you still fit - you can continue walking a bit NORTHWARD (with your back to the Strelka cafe'-bar turn right) along Bersenevskaya nab (
Берсеневская наб.). Immediately, after Strelka, inside a dreary courtyard - you'll see a beautiful church decorated with green roofs and golden towers. The Cathedral of St. Nicolas on Bersenevka. It was accomplished in 1657 raised with the funds of the mentioned Averky Kirillov. The cathedral is unusually exquisite – architraves, plaster tiles, “ plummets” and “ melons” garnish its faзade. In Soviet times, it was turned into a warehouse and later was occupied by some scientific institutions. Since 1992 it has been an active church again.
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour from Bersenevskaya nab (
Tip 4: The Fallen Monument Park / Muzeon Park of Arts, The Brusov Ship, Central House of Artists.
Duration: 1-2 hours.
From the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour or from the Pushkin Gallery of Fine Art - head northeast, 10 m. Turn right onto Patriarshiy most / bridge (Патриарший мост), 260 m. Continue straight to stay on Patriarshiy most another 300 m. Turn right onto Krymskaya nab. (наб. Якиманская), 300 m. Continue onto Krymskaya nab. (наб. Крымская), 230 m. On your right - you'll see another 'you can't miss it' landmark - the Peter the Great Statue (Pamyatnik Petru I). This giant statue was designed by Zarub Tsereteli, apparently mayor Lushkov's favorite architect (he was also responsible for the Christ the Saviour Cathedral and the Okhotny Ryad shopping mall). The statue is 96 m. high, the highest in the world, and stands on the banks of the Moskva river in front of the Krasny Oktyabr chocolate factory. On September 5th, 1997 the giant monument to Russia's first emperor was erected on the Yakimanskaya Embankment in Moscow. The monument by prominent sculptor Tsereteli was unveiled during the celebrations of Moscow's 850th anniversary and was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Russian navy. From the time it opened, some Muscovites hated the monument and were clamoring for its removal. They have been no less unkind to the statue of the Russia's Westernizing Tsar, who disliked the city so much he moved the capital to St. Petersburg. But due to Tsereteli's close relationship with Moscow's longtime mayor, Yury Luzhkov, the statue, ugly or not, was untouchable. In the next few years there were a number of petitions to remove it and even bomb threats. The monument is a massive structure retaining artistic graceful lines with form emanating a sense of power and grandeur. It may not suit everyone’s sense of art but that's what art does:
On the opposite bank of the Moskva river (west bank, opposite to the giant statue) - you see the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour golden towers:
Turn left, 190 m. Turn right, 220 m and the Fallen Monuments Park will be on your left. The park is to the north of Oktyabrskaya (Октябрьская) (Brown line) Metro station and to the west of Polyanka (Полянка) (Grey line) Metro station. The south edge of the park is on the western end of Krymsky Val street - near the the modern art division of Tretyakov Gallery and Central House of Artists (see below). in Russian, the park is either simply named Sculpture Park of the Central House of Artists (Парк скульптуры ЦДХ) or referred to by its legal title - Museum Park of Arts (Парк Искусств, Park Iskustv). In October 1991, a large number of Soviet-era “socialist realism” statues of its former leaders and peasant-class workers were carted off to Muzeon Park, a green space near the Crimean Embankment in Moscow. After the Soviet Union broke apart, these statues were placed all along the outer edges of the park, which took on the name “Statue Park of the Central House of Artists.” Somewhere along the way, the Western expatriate community gave it the nickname of “Park of the Fallen Heroes,” or just simply “Fallen Memorial Park.” So, the park was established by the City of Moscow in 1992 and currently displays over 700 sculptures. It is divided into themed sections, i.e. the Oriental Garden, Pushkin Square, Portrait Row, The fallen monuments themselves — appeared here before 1992. In 1998 the park acquired 300 sculptures of victims of communist rule made by Evgeny Chubarov, installed as a single group. The outdoor sculpture museum is unique in Russia, and can be visited any time during daylight hours. It’s an ideal place to see the work of some of the Soviet era’s most acclaimed sculptors, as well as contributions from modern Russian artists. It is a seemingly sort of graveyard for the obsolete Soviet 3-D art (see below for the future Norman Foster plan).
Whatever the season it is a nice place to go for a walk or a bicycle ride, in the warmer months birdsong - a rare thing in central Moscow - is omnipresent, and there are benches, hills, flowers, ponds and, of course the fountain with water jets that go up and down randomly, very popular for children and grown-ups in the summer months. Cars have been completely banned from the riverside and it feels like a leisure area in a Western European city. This place is actually a riverside embankment. The embankment now has great fountains where people actually "bath" in summer, wooden flooring and wide steps where you free lessons of yoga and dancing are held every day. There are many cycle paths with small hills so that cycling, roller-skating and skateboarding are more fun:
Lenin and Peter the Great (in the background):
Sculls collected in Stalin era - Composition by artist Chubarov dedicated to the victims of the totalitarian regime of Stalin:
Catherine the Great:
Monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky (founder of the KGB):
Wood figure of Pinnochio:
The future of the Park is, most likely, doomed by Elena Baturina's (wife of former powerful Mosco's Mayor) decision to demolish the gallery building and erect a Norman Foster-designed "Orange" - a mixed-use project spanning the current territory of the park. While the architect plans to allot some of the "Orange" to the galleries, the project clearly leaves no place for the park.
On the eastern side of the Fallen Monument Park (Moskva river is on the western side) - stands the President Hotel. An outdated-luxury hotel, still stuck in the standards and style of the 70's or 80's of the the 20th century:
To the west of the Museon Park or Fallen Monument Park is The Brusov Ship, Muzeon Park, Krymskaya embankment. Working hours: 12.00 - 23.00 daily. The first ever creative cluster on the water. It opened aboard the Valery Brusov ship, moored to the renovated Crymea embankment. It is a NEW, first waterborne art cluster in Moscow with film screenings, music shows and lectures to be held on a renovated ship. The Brusov Boat, named after the Russian poet Valery Bryusov, will support street art culture and contemporary theatre, and establish ties with local and contemporary artists. Long time ago it used to host a casino with a brothel, and now it is being gradually occupied by active and creative entrepreneurs, the type you would normally see at Flacon design factory. Some berths are already taken – for instance, by Jerusalem Bazar jewellery shop, a Greek fastfood restaurant Sito, Lamartis bookshop, Pomades barbershop, soon to be followed by Artemy Lebedev's Art Studio shop, Adidas Originals concept store, a street art gallery, Physika Concept Store , a fitness studio and Pimp Your Eyes eyeware store. There is still plenty of space left and the owners of Brusov are actively attracting new residents. The idea is to create a new hot spot there and hold various events, such as lectures, concerts and parties, as well as opening a co-working, several more cafes and restaurants, architectural bureaus, event agencies and shops. You can visit the ship as you walk on the embankment to sunbathe on its upper deck with a terrific view on Moskva river:
In the south-west end of the park - you arrive to the Central House of Artists (CHA), Krimsky Val, 10 (Tsentralny Dom Khudozhnikov). If you keep walking on more southward - you'll in turn come to the more famous Gorky Park. The Central House of Artists is a great place to visit exhibitions, especially, iconic exhibitions that attract a lot of local people. The largest exhibition center of Russia that was opened in November 1979. Exhibitions and expositions are changing at breathtaking speed. Come on weekdays - a lot less people. You can spend hours walking along the wide halls and THREE FLOORS and admire the touching, funny, beautiful, extraordinarily beautiful pictures. Also, there are shops where you can buy something interesting - books, paintings, dolls etc'. On the second floor. There's a wonderful chamber/concert hall with a a small stage, spectators seats' amphitheater. Open: TUE – SUN 11.00 – 20.00. Price: 300 rubles.
Adjacent to the Central House of Artists is the Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val, 10, Krymsky Val. Opening times: TUE - THU, SSUN - 10.00 – 19.30. FRI - SAT - 12.00 – 21.00. Mondays - closed. Prices: Through the summer on Wednesdays you can visit the Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val for free. Adults - 450 RUB, Students - 250 RUB. Combined ticket
(10, Lavrushinsky Lane & 10, Krymsky Val): Adults - 800 RUB, Students - 400 RUB. This branch of Tertyakov Gallery is devoted to modern art - and not only Soviet one. Chagall, Kandinsky, Malevich, Ilya Repin, Natalia Goncherova and some other famous artists can be found in this collection. This museum has an impressive collection of Avant-garde Russian art from the late 19th-early 20th century. All the paintings, sculptures etc have English translations of information and captions. One important thing to note is the permanent exhibition is set up like you are forced-led through the whole exhibit in a dictated order. The museum is almost always - EMPTY (no visitors). In 1910s-1920s Russian art suddenly attracted the attention of the whole Europe. The avan-guard Russian paintings looked original, bright, different from what was known in the west.The ideas of the Revolution inspired many talented people of the country: poets, architects, artists. Russian futurists, supremacists, constructivists believed in the great future of the country, felt the thrill creating the new art. The Russian avant-garde reached its creative and popular height in the period between the Russian Revolution of 1917 and 1932. In 1932 Socialist realism was declared to be the new state policy. The avant-guard was rejected as it was too difficult for the proletariat to understand and thus could not be used by the state propaganda. Soviet art was meant to depict "the real" Soviet life. The paintings of that time depict the happy life of the country. Collective farm girls look excited working on the fields. Workers are never tired. The people are confident in the future. The gallery displays not only the official Soviet art. Khrushchev's reforms liberated people's minds. Young artists felt the freedom to express themselves, to experiment. Lots of underground art communities appeared in the 60s-80s. This movement was known as the Soviet Nonconformist Art. The paintings of the 20th century reflect the turbulent atmosphere of our history. Don't miss the opportunity to visit the Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val. Your Moscow tour guide will show you a lot of masterpieces of the Soviet and Modern Russian art:
A Soviet-Communist sculpture in the eastern side of the Tertyakov Gallery in Krimsky Val (from the Fallen Monuments Park):
From the Central House of Artists we continue southward to the Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure. It is 1.1 km - 15 min. walk. Head northwest, 180 m. Turn left, 160 m. Turn right, take the stairs, 30 m. Take the pedestrian tunnel, take the stairs, 140 m. Turn left, 45 m. Turn right
(restricted usage road), 200 m. Turn left (again,restricted usage road), 20 m. Turn right, 40 m. Turn left (restricted usage road), 170 m. Turn right
(restricted usage road), 60 m. Turn left (restricted usage road), 25 m - and you arrive to the Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure, ulitsa Krymskiy Val, 9.
Tip 5: Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure:
In case you arrived to Gorky Park from the Fallen Monument Park - you head southward and finish the day in Park Kultury or Shabolovskaya Metro stations. Your walking direction is from north to south.
Just in case you start your day with Gorky Park - your direction of walk is from south to north.
Arrive to Park Kultury (Парк культуры) Metro station in the Circular line, line No. 5 (Koltsevaya Line, the Brown line). From there head eastward - by crossing Moskva river along Krymskiy most (bridge). From the Metro station - head northeast, 15 m. Turn right toward Komsomolskiy pr. (пр. Комсомольский), 30 m. Turn left onto Komsomolskiy pr, 20 m. Cross the Komsomolskiy pr through its cross-lights, 50 m. Continue onto ul. Krymskiy most/bridge /ул. Крымский мост, 400 m. Continue onto ul. Krymskiy Val/ул. Крымский Вал, 500 m. Turn right and go down into Gorky Park, 300 m.
On your way to Gorky Park from north to south - there are many stalls with pictures for sale:
Another option: from Shabolovskaya Metro Station (the Orange line, line No. 6, Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line) head north toward ul. Akademika Petrovskogo (ул. Академика Петровского), 150 m. Turn left onto ul. Akademika Petrovskogo (ул. Академика Петровского), 400 m. Turn left onto Malaya Kaluzhskaya ul. (ул. Малая Калужская), 75 m - and you face the southern end of Gorky Park. From here head NORTHWARD.
Gorky Park is OPEN 24/7. A must. Gorky Park is the capital’s central park. Since 2011 the park has been setting new standards, becoming Russia’s first world-class park and a space for recreation, sport, dance and outdoor games. Beautifully laid park. Fountains, walking paths, flowers beds, ice-skating (winter), sun-tanning on a special, private space along the river (summer), rowing in the lake/ponds, eating ice-cream, lying on cool, smart bags or benches along the river (summer), cycling, roller-blades special. giant course, numerous restaurants and cafe's. You can rent bicycles or roller-blades.
Gorky Park was opened in 1928. It is located west to Krymsky Val, south to the Sculptures Park and north to Neskuchny sad (Garden) and east to the Moskva River and embankment. The Park was planned by Konstantin Melnikov, a world-famous Soviet avant-garde and constructivist architect. Gorky Park was created by the amalgamation of the extensive gardens of the old Golitsyn Hospital and the Neskuchny Palace. In 2011 the Gorky Park underwent a major reconstruction. All amusement rides but one, a two deck carousel, have been removed in order to transform the place into an eco-friendly recreational zone. The park's new director canceled the entrance fee and cleared the park of outdated amusement facilities and junk food stalls, while bringing back the traditional sport activities: aerobics, yoga and salsa dancing taught by educated instructors, along with creating new spaces, such as a pétanque cafe, beach volleyball courts and an open-air cinema theatre.
With free Wi-fi, contemporary public art projects, design fairs and a new cafe policy. There are all the facilities for rent. A 15,000 square meter ice rink, with separate zones for children, hockey, dancing, and general skating, was officially opened in December 2011. Park services: Free entry, Wi-Fi coverage, ATM, plug sockets for charging mobile devices and computers, medical station in the sports centre building, cycle lanes, playgrounds. In the summer the park is full of beautifully arranged flowers of all colors and shapes. In the winter ice skating runways are created throughout the park, so that there is space for walking and ice skating. Beautiful ponds and a riverside offer additional beauty and choice of activities (there boats to rent, you can sunbath on the beaches). There are regular concerts and other events held here; they usually separate the territory used for paid events.
The "Brandenburg Gate" style main northern entrance to the park. This entrance, constructed in the form of a triumphal arch, separates the Gorky Park from the Fallen Monument Park.
View of the gate from the south (from Gorky Park):
In Gorky Park there is a famous musical fountain. The size of the bowl of the largest fountain in Moscow is 3600 square meters and height of water streams up to 25 m. It is color-musical fountain as well. The fountain is illuminated by LED 400, 16 speakers provide the background music. The entire system is controlled by a computer program. The 30-minute color-musical performance is held 5 times a day:
The new "beach" in Gorky Park is the Pushkin promenade which is designed for 400 people and is made from environmentally friendly materials. The "beach" is divided into two zones: one with umbrellas and sun beds, and another called "wooden dunes", which are multi-level ramps for sunbathing. There are installed showers on the beach and a cafe:
The Spanish artist Okuda just installed his newest artwork “Kaos Star” inside Gorky Park:
Return north (anywhere in the park) to Krimsky Val and turn right. Walk eastward along Krimsky Val until its end where you'll hit the Oktyabrskaya Metro station (the Brown No. 5 line). It is, approximately, 1 km. walk.