Lisbon - walk on both sides of the river Tagus.

JUL 16,2014 - JUL 16,2014 (1 DAYS)

Citywalk

Baixa Pombalina, Cais do Sodre, Cacilhas, Cristo Rei:

Orientation: Round walking trip of 15-16 km. We'll cover most of the classic attractions in old Lisbon in the Baixa quarter and take you to the other bank of the Tagus river for sweeping views and unforgettable visit in Cristo Rei. This trip will supply you with several unconventional roads and sights - out of the beaten path.

Duration: 1 day. Approx. 15 km. A really lovely day out all in all !

Weather: Any weather is good except of heavy rain and very hot day. It is not recommended to walk in Lisbon when it is raining - because of its steep roads. Avoid a rainy day and keep your sneakers dry ! Avoid, as well a day with temperatures above 28 degrees. The ascent to Cristo Rei is quite demanding (3 km. each direction) but you can bypass it by taking bus #101.

Start & End: Praça da Figueira.

The Praça da Figueira (English: Square of the Fig Tree) is a large square in the centre of Lisbon, in the area of the city re-urbanised after the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake. In the 16th century the square was occupied by the Hospital Real de Todos os Santos (All-Saints Royal Hospital), the most important in the city. In 1755, after the great earthquake which destroyed most of Lisbon, the hospital was greatly damaged and was demolished around 1775. The large area was turned into an open market square. Around 1885, a large covered market of 8,000 m² was built. This market existed until 1949, when it was demolished. Since then the square has been an open space. This square is a few steps from the Rossio. The Praça da Figueira has a very uniform profile, with four-storey buildings dating from the rebuilding of the Baixa Pombalina. The buildings are occupied by hotels, cafés, and several shops. It is also an important traffic hub, with bus and metro stops. In the square stands a bronze equestrian statue representing King John I (Joao I) (1357-1433):

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On the south side, the charming old Confeitaria Nacional was considered to be one of Europe's most elegant pastry shops when it opened in 1829, and still serves some mouth-watering cakes:

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The Rossio square is adjacent and west to the Praça da Figueira. Rossio Square is the popular name of the Pedro IV Square (Portuguese: Praça de D. Pedro IV). It has been one of its main squares since the Middle Ages. It has been the setting of popular revolts and celebrations, bullfights and executions.The current name of the Rossio pays homage to Pedro IV, King of Portugal. The Column of Pedro IV is in the middle of the square. Some of the cafés and shops of the square date from the 18th century, like the Café Nicola. Other traditional shops include the Pastelaria Suíça and the Ginjinha, where the typical Lisbon spirit (Ginjinha) can be tasted. The building of the Maria II Theatre and the Public Gardens to the north of the square only made the area more attended by Lisbon high society in the 19th century. Most buildings around the Rossio date from the reconstruction of the Pombaline Downtown carried out after the great 1755 Lisbon Earthquake, which leveled most structures in the area, including the magnificent All-Saints Hospital. Only the Palace of the Independence survived the catastrophic earthquake. The rebuilding of the Rossio was undertaken in the second half of the 18th century. After a fire in 1836, the old Inquisition Palace was destroyed. Thanks to the efforts of writer Almeida Garrett, it was decided to build a theatre in its place. The Teatro Nacional D. Maria II, built in the 1840s, was designed by the Italian Fortunato Lodi in neoclassical style. A statue of the renaissance Portuguese playwright Gil Vicente is located over the pediment of the theatre. Ironically, some of Gil Vicente's plays had been censured by the Inquisition back in the 16th century. In the 19th century the Rossio was paved with typical Portuguese mosaic and was adorned with bronze fountains imported from France. The Column of Pedro IV was erected in 1874. At this time the square received its current official name, never accepted by the people. Between 1886 and 1887 another important landmark was built in the square: the Rossio Train Station (Estação de Caminhos de Ferro do Rossio). The Station was built by architect José Luís Monteiro and was an important addition to the infrastructure of the city. Its beautiful neo-Manueline façade dominates the northwest side of the square:

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 Rossio with bronze fountain, and the typical Pombaline façades:

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The Teatro Nacional D. Maria II, and the statue of the Portuguese playwright Gil Vicente:

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Rossio Station. Looking more like a theater or a lavishly adorned palace with horseshoe arched doorways, this monumental Neo-Manueline building located between Rossio and Restauradores squares, was built at a time when train stations were seen as temples of technology:

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Praca D. Pedro IV No. 20 house:

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Rossio Square - a small fountain:

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Leave the Rossio Square in its most southern exit. Turn left (south) onto Rua dos Sapateiros, 15 m. Turn right onto Rua 1º de Dezembro, 55 m. Turn left onto Rua do Carmo:

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There are trendy shops of international brands, in this road, and some other traditional and very old ones. One famous shop is the little glove store ‘Luvaria Ulisses’, Rua do Carmo No. 87 A. This very small shop has his own production of tailor made gloves from any design. A real tourist attraction:

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Another interesting shop is the "Au bonheur des Dames" (Rua do Carmo 5-7):

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Joalharia (Jewelry) do Carmo, Rua do Carmo 87B, is one of the best shops in the city. All the silver pieces are handmade, it’s really worth a visit.

Convento do Carmo from the Rossio Square:

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In the end of Rua do Carmo you turn right (west) to Rua Garrett. These elegant streets are lined with old-fashioned shop fronts, now home to Portugal's top fashion designers. There are also well known bookshops, patisseries and cafés. The most famous of these is A Brasileira (Rua Garrett No. 120) once frequented by the poet, Fernando Pessoa. Since the centenary of his birth in 1988, a bronze statue of the poet, in a pensive mood, has been placed at one of the tables on the terrace. But, this site and area are in Chiado, out of Lisbon Baixa. At the moment - return to the Rossio Square. We leave the square at its south-west corner and walk southward along Rua Augusta. This is a lively pedestrian street with mosaic pavements, outdoor cafes, international shops, and the occasional street artist and peddler.

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Rua Augusta, Hotel Internacional:

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At Rua Augusta No. 267-269 we find the Casa Brsileira. This is a classic coffee shop that serves some of the best coffee in Lisbon, as well as delicious pastries (one of the best pastéis de nata, custard cream tarts, in the city). Great outside seating but be prepared to sit for a while and pay more than Lisbon low price tags. This is one of the oldest coffee shops in the city.

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The first turn to the right from Rua Augusta is Rua de Santa Justa. You immediately see the Santa Justa Lift. The Santa Justa Lift (Elevador de Santa Justa) also called Carmo Lift (Elevador do Carmo) - is an elevator/lift. It connects the lower streets of the Baixa with the higher Largo do Carmo (Carmo Square). Since its construction, the Lift has become a tourist attraction. Elevador de Santa Justa was inagurated on 10 July 1902 and it is the only vertical lift in Lisbon for public service. It was built by the architect Raoul Mesnier du Ponsard, with a cast iron structure, enriched with filigrana details. In 2002 it was classified as National Monument. Santa Justa is the only remaining vertical lift in Lisbon. Others, including Elevador da Glória and Elevador da Lavra, are funiculars, and the other lift constructed around the same time, the Elevator of São Julião has since been demolished. Price: 5 euros (acquired on site, valid for 2 trips, includes access to the viewpoint). You get a great view of the city and surrounding area from the viewing platform. The trip is free on the Lisbon card and some of the other travel tickets (like the Lisbon 1-day pass, Viva Viagem 24h ticket, which includes all public transportation like trolley, metro, lifts and funicular). The queue can be very long for the amount of time you will spend there though (5 euros for a 1/2 minute elevator ride). Tip: there is also another entrance from the back where you do not need to queue or pay for the lift. Another tip: the view from the top is really nice but you can get similar views for free. Third tip: you can use your bus/tram/metro card for going up, with the additional cost of 1 ticket (in July 2014 - 1.40 euros). Santa Justa Viewpoint Timetable: Everyday: 08.30 - 20.30.

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From Rua de Santa Justa take, again, the first turn to the RIGHT to Rua dos Sapateiros. In the 19th century, Baixa was Lisbon’s commercial heart, with streets named according to their trades. Rua dos Sapateiros means ‘the shoemakers’ street. At No. 201restaurant ‘Adega da Mo‘, a typical Portuguese restaurant . Almoçar (lunch): Picanha, (meat from Brazil) is generally considered to be the number one cut, even better than beef fillet. Picanha is melting in your mouth, much better than a steak.  No more than 8 euros, including glass of red wine.

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At Rua dos Sapateiros No. 225 you see a charming shop: one of Lisbon’s remaining examples of Art Nouveau. This old movie house, the Animatógrafo , is a strip club nowadays, Lisbon’s earliest cinema hall opened in 1907, by brothers Ernesto and Joaquim Correia Cardoso. It has remained unaltered since then. The beautiful facade is adorned with a highly detailed Art Nouveau style, which consists of Azulejos tiled panels, which depict Edwardian styled females surrounded by fruits and flowers.

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We arrive/return to the intersection of this road with the Rossio square. The entrance to the Rua dos Sapateiros is spanned by the decorative arch Arco do Bandeiro. This bears the name of the wealthy sponsor Pires Bandeiro who commissioned it at the end of the 18th C:

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Walk, again, along Rua Augusta southward. At No. 245 you'll see Pedemeia, a specializing shop of socks (est.1966). I've seen other branches of this brand/shop in other cities in Portugal:

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Along Rua Augusta, at the third turn to the left - you turn to Rua da Vitória. Here, right and left is the Rua dos Correeiros. A splendid road with charming iron terraces. Better, turn right onto Rua dos Correeiros, cross Rua de Sao Nicolau:

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Return in Rua dos Correeiros, northward to Rua da Vitória. You can turn right in Rua da Vitória, cross Rua de Prata and Rua dos Douradores to arrive to Elevador de Castelo - to catch a new lift to St. George Castle. But, we turn left in Rua da Vitória to return (turn left), again, to Rua Augusta. Here, we start a pedestrians-only section of Rua Augusta surfaced with nice mosaic pebbles. We cross Rua de Sao Nicolau, R. da Conceicao, R. de Sao Juliao. On our left is Museu do Design e do Moda (MUDE), Rua Augusta 24. FREE entry. This is a lovely museum which at the time of visit was focusing of vintage items. Highly recommend if you are a fan of 1950-1970 years design and fashion. pretty cool and nice-to-remember objects. You can spend here no more than 20-30 minutes.

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Photos are allowed ONLY in the 3rd. floor. In this floor, there was a temporary exhibition of André Saraiva, an artist of Portuguese origin, first began his career in the 1980s on the streets of Paris, when he began painting his graffiti on the walls of the city. In the early 1990s, Saraiva created an "alter-ego" named Mr. A – a joyful, energetic stick-figure character with a round head and big smile, who began invading the storefronts, metro stations, postboxes and abandoned buildings of cities across Europe. As Mr. A's travels grew to a global scale, subtle changes to his appearance and attire – a top hat, an X-sha­ped eye, wings, and even a female counterpart – gave depth to Saraiva's character. Never losing his original graphic language, André Saraiva has been exploring other artistic areas, including installations, painting, serigraphy, the creative direction of the L’Officiel Hommes magazineand, more recently, edition, short-films and video:

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In the end of Rua Augusta - we arrive to Arco da Rua Augusta. Only 2.50€. Open to the public daily between 09.00 and 19.00. Opening towards the Augusta Street, which links the square with the  Rossio square, The original project by Eugénio dos Santos planned a triumphal arch, only realized in 1875. This arch, usually called the Arco da Rua Augusta, was designed by Veríssimo da Costa. The four statues over the columns, made by Victor Bastos, represent Nuno Alvares Pereira and Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, Marquis of Pombal (who conducted the reconstruction of Lisbon after the 1755 great earthquake which destroyed most of the city) on the right, and Vasco da Gama and Viriatus on the left. The two recumbent figures represent the rivers Tagus and Douro. Originally designed as a bell tower, the building ultimately transformed into elaborate arch within more than century-long delays.

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The Praça do Comércio (Commerce Square) is located near the Tagus river. The square is still commonly known as Terreiro do Paço (Palace Square), Because it was the location of the Paços da Ribeira (Royal Ribeira Palace) until it was destroyed by the great 1755 Lisbon Earthquake. After the earthquake, the square was completely remodeled as part of the rebuilding of the Pombaline Downtown, ordered by Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo - the 1st Marquis of Pombal, who was the Minister of the Kingdom of Portugal from 1750 to 1777, during the reign of Dom José (Joao) I, King of Portugal. On 1 November 1755, during the reign of King Dom José I, a great earthquake followed by a tsunami and fire destroyed most of Lisbon, including the Ribeira Palace and other buildings by the river. José I's Prime Minister, the Marquis of Pombal, coordinated a massive rebuilding effort of Portuguese architect Eugénio dos Santos. He designed a large, rectangular square in the shape of a "U", open towards the Tagus. The buildings have galleries on their ground floors, and the arms of the "U" end in two large towers, reminiscent of the monumental tower of the destroyed Ribeira Palace, still vivid in the architectonic memory of the city. His plan was realized almost completely, although decorative details were changed and the east tower of the square and the Augusta Street Arch were only finished in the 19th century. On 1 February 1908, the square was the scene of the assassination of Carlos I, the penultimate King of Portugal. On their way back from the palace of Vila Viçosa to the royal palace in Lisbon, the carriage with Carlos I and his family passed through the Terreiro do Paço. While crossing the square, shots were fired from the crowd by at least two men: Alfredo Luís da Costa and Manuel Buiça. The king died immediately, his heir Luís Filipe was mortally wounded, and Prince Manuel was hit in the arm. The assassins were shot on the spot by members of the bodyguard and later recognized as members of the Republican Party – which two years later overthrew the Portuguese monarchy. The square was named Praça do Comércio, the Square of Commerce, to indicate its new function in the economy of Lisbon. On the north side is a triumphal arch and one of the city's legendary cafes, Café Martinho da Arcada. It dates from 1782 and was a favorite of poets Fernando Pessoa and Almeida Garrett and of novelist Eça de Queiroz.  The city's main tourism office is located in one of the classical building on the west side the square. Here visitors can request information about the city. The symmetrical buildings of the square were filled with government bureaus that regulated customs and port activities. Most of the government offices that once surrounded the square have now been taken over by restaurants with outdoor tables and there's a modern interactive museum called "Lisboa Story Centre" dedicated to the history of the city.

The main piece of the ensemble was the equestrian statue of King José I, inaugurated in 1775 in the centre of the square. This bronze statue, the first monumental statue dedicated to a King in Lisbon, was designed by Joaquim Machado de Castro, Portugal's foremost sculptor of the time. The statue of King Jose I is showing him on horseback, wearing his emperor's mantle, and measuring 14 meters in height counting from the pedestal. This square is so vast ! I've learned this is the biggest "plaza" in Europe. It is relaxing place and the square never feels overcrowded (maybe only in August). The architecture is grand and impressive with the sun shining off the polished floor and the yellow color of the buildings is dominant:

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Statue of King José I, in the Commerce Square, by Machado de Castro (1775). The King on his horse is symbolically crushing snakes on his path:

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Walking along the promenade and watch the ocean and along the water front of Tagus River is far more pleasant than through the city. So we head along the river coast WESTWARD (with our face to the water - we turn RIGHT). First, along Avenida Ribeira das Naus - and here the seafront is neglected - although it is quite pleasant around.

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Here, you see the back side of the government buildings - when you stand on wood bridges built along the river front:

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View of the Baixa quarter (to the North) from the Ribeira das Naus promenade:

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It is a short walk to Cais do Sodre. The "Wharf of Sodré" is a terminal of the ferries that link Lisbon to Cacilhas and Almada across the river, and is also a train and metro station as well as a major bus stop. To the west of the square is a huge dome under which stands the city's main food market, Mercado da Ribeira, and next to it is another square, Praça de Dom Luis. It is filled with palms and other trees, and is overlooked by a 19th century statue of the Marquis of Sá da Bandeira. Rua Nova do Carvalho behind the market was for decades known as the city's "red light district" with bars named after northern European capitals to attract their sailors who stepped off their boats here. It's now a seedy-chic street lined with hip bars and clubs that become especially crowded after 2AM when the bars in Bairro Alto start to close.

As you approach the Cais do Sodre terminal of the ferries - you see this collection of gardening containers. A good idea:

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Trafaria Praia, the ferries terminal from Lisbon to Cacilhas across the Tagus river:

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A nice statue opposite the terminal:

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Now, we'll take all these pieces of information and create an original and budget idea for lunch. Go to the terminal ticket office and buy round trip ferry ticket to Cacilhas (1.20 euros for round-trip ticket). If you show your (chargeable) Viva/Metro ticket - you can save 0,50 euros for a NEW chargeable ticket (in this case - a ferry ticket). In the meantime, cross the road and walk north in the direction of the Cais do Sodre Metro station and enter the huge supermarket (Pingo Doce) there. Find the meat department there, take a numbered ticket for queuing-up. Buy your lunch, a grilled half-chicken in 0.50 euros (!!!). You can fuel yourself with fresh vegetables and fruits (washing them in the supermarket or terminal facilities) Take the packaged grilled chicken to the river front, find a quiet place and enjoy this top quality ready-made food with the ocean breeze. Another option is to dine in one of the restaurants in Cacilhas (see later). The ferry to Cacilhas leaves, punctually, at time. Here some views from the ferry to the southern coast of Lisbon, to Cacilhas and Cristo Rei and Ponte 25 de Abril:

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The ferry ride from Lisbon's Cais do Sodré station across the river takes 10 minutes arriving to Cacilhas, a district of the city of Almada. Cacilhas is a picturesque neighborhood of Lisbon in the banks of the river best known by its Cervejarias (traditional beer houses) also offering shellfish, seafood, and fresh fish:

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It is there, in Cacilhas, that you get a complete view of Lisbon's skyline, from Alfama to Belém, and where tourists hop on bus 101 to the Monument to Christ from where there are even more breathtaking views. The bus stop for bus 101 to Cristo Rei is near the lighthouse - the second last bus stop. The bus comes every '00' & '30' of the hour. Keep your bus ticket to show the driver for the return bus ride. Approximately 15 minutes bus ride to reach Cristo Rei (the last stop). Look out for the return bus schedule when you reach the Cristo Rei bus stop so that you won't miss the last bus. We opt to do the whole way to Cristo Rei on foot along an astonishing (and a bit demanding) route. With our back to the river, in Cacilhas river front, we turn to the RIGHT, to the west. We walk westward along Rua Ginjal (direction of the huge, remote Ponte 25 de Abril). You pass along rusy, neglected platforms, full with old, decaying Azulejos tiles. Abandoned and ruinous old warehouses in Cacilhas, Lisbon on the other side of the river Tagus:

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On the riverfront in Cacilhas are restaurants known for their fresh fish and tables placed outside to offer views of Lisbon. "Atira-te ao Rio" (which means ‘throw yourself into the river’) and "Ponto Final" (Brasilian restaurant and a perfect romantic location for a great dinner overlooking Lisbon by night) are the two favorites. In the back is Elevador (Elevator) Panoramico Boca do Vento - leading to Cristo Rei:

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The road/path leads to the Elevador Panoramico Boca do Vento. From there you get a splendid view to Ponte 25 de Abril:

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If you continue along the path, from the elevator, more westward - you arrive to the Museu Naval (not much to see...). Again, a nice view to the giant bridge:

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We do recommend you to take a stroll around the elevator entrance. There is a wide garden around - Jardim do Rio:

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The view from the Elevador Panoramico Boca do Vento is breathtaking:

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You pay 2 euros for a round trip with the elevator. We recommend paying one-way only. Ring the bell and the person who is responsible for operating this elevator will come within 1-2 minutes. It is a 20-30 minutes walk to Cristo Rei. It might be quite exausting in a very hot day. Just follow the signposts of Cristo Rei. Getting to the Cristo Rei statue is a journey in itself and one that every visitor to Lisbon should make at least once. You pass the following roads: Rua Latino Coelho, Largo Jose Alaiz.

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Turn right to Rua D. Alvavo, Abranches da Camora (climb up). You arrive to Semipario (cross-lights) Maior de San Paulo. Turn left to Rua Francisco Fereira. To your right a wall of 2 m. height. Walk along the wall, the road bends right. Walk along the white wall. In house No. 84 take the stairs and turn right climbing in Rua Melvin Jones. Bend right with the steep road, on your right a school and orange wall and, later, metal green bench. Enter, the garden on your right. You've arrived to Cristo Rei (Christ the King). You see the giant statue/monument from its back:

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The Cristo Rei statue is a Catholic monument and shrine dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ.It was inspired by the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), after the Cardinal Patriarch of Lisbon visited that monument. The project was inaugurated on 17 May 1959, at a time when Portugal was being ruled by the authoritarian President António de Oliveira Salazar.The giant statue in cement was erected to express gratitude because the Portuguese were spared the effects of World War II. The monument is erected on an isolated clifftop 133 metres above the sea, overlooking the Tagus River left margin. it is now located within the parish of Almada, in the municipality of the same name. It is the highest point in the municipality of Almada, on a plateau dominated by the 25 de Abril Bridge. It is accessible from Lisbon by car (over the 25 de Abril Bridge east of the crossing), by train through station in Pragal and by ferry (the Cacilheiro) over the Tagus, through the port of Cacilhas in Almada. the statue is 79.30 metres in height, and overlooks the Tagus (192 metres above the river). In the interior of two of the pillars is an elevator system with access to the terrace. The statue is 79.30 metres in height, The Cristo Rei statue stands with open arms in a symbolic gesture, dominating the city’s skyline. The views from the statue are as breathtaking as the views of it, with the sweeping panorama taking in the banks of the Tagus River, the 25 de Abril Bridge that crosses it, and the rooftops and spires of the Lisbon skyline beyond. The elevator to the top of the Cristo Rei monument is open from 09.30 - 18.15. It costs 5 euros. Do take note that the lift only brings you to a certain level. You will need to climb some stairs in order to reach the top. Also, it gets very windy at the top. However, there are also fantastic views from the base for those who don't want to head up top. There are small cafes available at the Cristo Rei park providing a quick refreshing drink on a hot day or a hot cup of coffee on a cold or windy day.

To the south of the Cristo Rei monument is the Sanctuary building (Santurio Nacional de Cristo Rei), comprising a rectangular body of three wings, with facades covered in masonry brick:

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The Sanctuario (Sanctuary) interior:

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The outstretched arms of the Christ the King monument, projected towards the city of Lisbon:

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At the base of the statue is the public observation deck, at 82 metres (269 ft) that offers panoramic views of the city of Lisbon, the Tagus River and of the 25 de Abril Bridge.

Under the statue, occupying a fifth of the pedestal's height is the Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Paz (Our Lady of Peace) with entrance to the northern facade.

The Holy Virgin statue opposite the Cristo Rei monument:

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The main visitors entrance to the National Shrine of Christ the King:

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A sweeping view of the city and Ponte 25 de Abril (25th of April Bridge) from the base of the 82m high monument (from south to north):

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We exit the National Sanctuary of Christ the King from its southern entrance/exit to Av. Cristo Rei. It is 3 km. walk down to the Cacilhas pier. You can go back to the Cacilhas ferry terminal by bus # 101. Turn left onto Av. Cristo Rei, 1.1 km. Turn left onto Av. Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira, 650 m. Slight left onto Praça Movimento das Forças Armadas
40 m:

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Slight left onto Av. Dom Afonso Henriques, 350 m. At the roundabout, take the 2nd exit onto Rua Dona Maria da Silva, 72 m. Slight right onto Rua Comandante António Feio, 350 m. Continue onto Largo Bombeiros Voluntários, 37 m. Continue onto Rua Cândido dos Reis. THe Cacilhas pier will be on your left. But wait ! Near the pier there is a marvelous old frigate: Fragata Don Ferdinnado II e Gloria. This is a beautifully restored frigate and well worth, for its own, the inexpensive and quick crossing to Cacilhas. It has a great history defending Portugese trade routes along the coast of Africa and India. Well worth visit, but be aware it is closed on Mondays. The entry fee is only 3 Euro to this wonderful old ship. you can easily spend an hour here. Once inside you will have a good insight into life on a warship in the 19th century:

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We are back in Cacilhas pier to take the ferry back to Lisbon Casis Do Sodre area:

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Exiting the ferry terminal building in Cais do Sodre and your back to the river and your face to the Metro station there - turn right to the EAST along Rua Cais Sodre. You arrive to Jardim de Roque Gameiro. A municipal garden in a bad state.

«Ao Leme» ("At the Helm"), sculpture by Francisco Santos inaugurated in 1915, symbolizes what is missing in this garden:

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Walk eastward back to Praca de Comercio. Exit the famous square from its north-east corner and continue along Rua da Alfândega. Turn RIGHT to Rua dos Arameiros to take photos of these marvelous houses north - to a small garden:

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Return to bustling Rua da Alfândega to catch photos of strange types of vehicles rushing along this packed road:

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Continue eastward to see, on your left, the Casa dos Bicos - Fundacao Jose Saramago. The house, built in the early 16th century in the Alfama neighbourhood, has a curious façade of Renaissance and Manueline influence. It survived the disastrous 1755 Lisbon Earthquake that destroyed much of the city. In 2012 the José Saramago Foundation established its permanent office in the Casa dos Bicos, due to an agreement with Lisbon's Council.[1] The José Saramago Foundation offers to visitors a permanent exhibition titled The Seed and the Fruits about the life and work of José Saramago. Some other cultural events are also celebrated such as book releases, theater plays, talks and debates:

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Lisbon - An outstanding historical house adjacent to Casa dos Bicos - Fundação José Saramago:

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On your left there are stairs leading (north) to Rua de São João da Praça. In Rua de São João da Praça turn LEFT and walk along this road (WESTWARD). THe road changes its name to Cruzes da Se'. Do not miss the Azulejos in house # 15 in  Rua de São João da Praça (on your left):

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A bit before arriving to the Largo de Se' you see the walls of the Sé de Lisboa - Lisbon Cathedral. Lisbon's ancient cathedral was built by Portugal's first king on the site of an old mosque in 1150 for the city's first bishop, the English crusader Gilbert of Hastings. From outside (with two bell towers and a splendid rose window) it resembles a medieval fortress, while inside it appears predominantly Romanesque, with a Gothic choir and ambulatory. Since the beginning of the construction of the cathedral, in the year 1147, the building has been modified several times and survived many earthquakes. It is nowadays a mix of different architectural styles. The main façade of the cathedral looks like a fortress, with two towers flanking the entrance. It is a relic from the Reconquista period, when the cathedral could be used as a base to attack the enemy during a siege:

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Gothic vault of the ambulatory and upper row of windows:

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Gothic cloister with each column over the twin arches that has a different pattern:

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Gothic tomb of knight Lopo Pacheco in the ambulatory of Lisbon Cathedral:

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Apse:

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Light gets in through the rose windows of the West façade and transept, the narrow windows of the lateral aisles of the nave as well as the windows of the lantern tower of the transept. Rose Window:

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Chapel of Sao Bartholomeu. Pictures from the 14th and 18th centuries:

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Note also the Azulejos in the Baptismal Font chapel.

Nativity:

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Sé de Lisboa - Lisbon Cathedral - the Organ:

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Stained Glass Window:

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view of the Tagus river:

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Exit the Cathedral and turn left (WESTWARD) along Rua Augusta Rosa, and later, along Rua das Pedras Negras. In the end of this road turn right to Rua da Madalena. The road climbs and, then, slopes down and we arrive back to Praca da Figueira. In the far (north-east) corner we see Saint-George Castle.

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Portugal

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