the best rate of exchange we found was in the area of the Grand Bazaar. Other tourist sites offer a decent rate as well, and in some of the places you can pay with dollars or euro.
Though Turkey is considered a cheap country to visit in, Istanbul itself is very touristic and the prices are not very low. For us, a trip of 5 days (4 nights), including flights, accommodations, entry the some sites food and the hamam experience cost us around 700$ per person.
We bought the black forest card: http://www.blackforest-tourism.com/schwarzwaldcard/schwarzwaldcard. It cost us 210 euro for a family with three kids. The Europa-Park alone will cost you 200. So the black forest card is worth it only if you plan to visit the Europa Park.
Paris is usually ranked as one of the most expensive cities in the world, but the price range is actually very extensive, and you can get by with a tighter budget with no problem at all. You can save a lot of money by making the most of special offers, yearly sales, free admission days to museums and more. The biggest expense, like most destinations, is accommodation, but one should have no trouble finding cheap hotels and logging.
Currency: The Euro (€) is the French and European currency. €1 is divided into 100 centimes or cents. Notes are €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500. coins are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents; €1 and €2.
Everyday prices: The metro is less expensive than most cities in the world, and a book of 10 tickets will cost you approximately €10. The museums admission is €7 to €9, and a sandwich will usually cost you around €5. Small coffee is €1 at the bar and €2 sitting down, and a full meal - starter, main dish and dessert, not including drinks –will cost between €15 and €20 depending on the area (Restaurant prices are always displayed outside). A baguette of bread is €0.80, a beer in a café is €2 to €4 and a seat at the cinema is around €9.
Tipping: all prices shown include tax and service (the latter is around 15% of the total price). If the service has been particularly good, you may wish to leave a tip to show your appreciation. As a general rule, the amount is 5%-10% of the total bill.
Madrid is the most expensive city in Spain, but is still cheaper than Paris, London or New York. A well planned traveler can easily manage with a low budget, by taking advantage of the special deals the local business tend to offer. Though accommodation, as always, is the largest expense, it’s possible to find semi-luxurious boutique hotels for around €100 in the city center; dormitory beds shouldn’t cost more than €20 and nice hostels with private bathroom and TV rarely cost more than €60, usually less.
Currency: The Euro (€) is the spanish and European currency. €1 is divided into 100 centimes or cents. Notes are €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500. coins are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents; €1 and €2.
Everyday prices: A single ticket in the Metro will cost you 1.5€-2€, depending on where you want to go, and a book of 10 trips is 11€-12€. Many of Madrid’s Museums offer free entrance, and the one’s that will charge you for it (3€-15€) – like Museo del Prado and the Centro de Arte Reina Sofía - usually offer a no charge entry in the evenings and on Sundays. A mill in a midrange restaurant should cost a little much more than €30 per person, but you can cut your costs considerably if you partake in the weekday lunchtime menú del día - a fixed-price, three-course set lunch that costs around €10. A ticket to the movies is about 7€, a cup of coffee will cost you about 1.5€, a beer in a bar is about 1.5€, and for a cocktail you’ll have to part from 6€-15€, depends on the content of the drink.
Tipping: In Spain, tipping is not obligatory but always appreciated. A tip of 5%-10% of the total bill in restaurants and hotels would be fine.
The living cost in Berlin is lower than in most major German cities. You’ll have no problem to eat out inexpensively; public transport is relatively cheap and tickets to cultural events and entertainment are affordable. Hotel accommodation is comparatively low-priced, and you can find plenty of excellent hostels for around €40 a night. And that’s not all: many museums offer free admission on a particular day of the week or month, cinemas are almost half price before 5pm Monday to Wednesday, and most restaurants offer a range of set menus and special meals for a low price.
Currency: The Euro (€) is the German and European currency. €1 is divided into 100 centimes or cents. Notes are €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500. coins are 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents; €1 and €2.
Everyday prices: A single ticket for the bus, tram, U-Bahn or S-Bahn is 2.4€ (zone A & B), a weekly pass will cost you 28€, and a ticket for the whole month is 77€. For a reasonable sandwich you will pay from 2€ and up, and the salads starts at 3€. Dining at a economic restaurant can cost from 7€ to 10€, while a three course meal for two in a mid-range Restaurant will be around 40€. A Cappuccino is around 2€. A ticket to the movies is 5€-8€, while theatre tickets can range from 7€ to 30€. A beer in the local pubs is usually 2.5€-3€, and entry fee to a nightclub is around 10€.
Tipping: Restaurant bills include a service charge and tipping is not compulsory, but if you're enjoyed the service, you can add about 5% to 10% to the total bill. However, you should remember that it is not customary to leave the tip on the table, but to hand it over with the money. At hotels, bellhops are given about 1€ per bag and it's also nice to leave a few euros for the room cleaners. Bartenders usually expect about 5% tip, and taxi drivers around 10%, though a small gratuity rounding up to the nearest Euro is also frequent.